This course aims at introducing ancient materials and their investigation by non-destructive synchrotron and imaging techniques. 

From a "chemistry of materials" point of view, case-studies on paintings, ceramics, stained glass, fossils will be presented and important concepts specific to ancient materials but not only,  introduced and discussed (multiscale, heterogeneity, representativity).

From a "technique" point of view, special focus on X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence and X-ray absorption tomography, and their use for imaging and time-resolved.

From an "analytical thinking" point of view, starting from "why, what, where" to define the "how".